Underpainting in Five Values

I learned from Charles Sovek that working out your compositions in only five values can help them to be easier to read. Although this photo contains many hundreds of different values, I will employ the first basic simplification technique, leave it out, by leaving out any values other than black, dark gray, medium gray, light gray, and white.

Most of the time, problems with a painting's design are related to an ineffective value structure. By working out the design in black and white before adding color, it can be easier to spot and fix design problems.