Now it's time to add the color, matching the values (degrees of lightness or darkness) of your colors to those of your black and white underpainting. Your values can vary slightly from your underpainting, but not much if you want the color version to be as bold and clear as the underpainting. (For information on how to tell what value a particular color is, please see The Values of Colors.)

The only real change I made to the value structure of the design was to extend some of the dark foliage behind the chair (in the upper right of the painting) to make it stand out a little more. If you look back at Step 1, you can see that I should have noticed that this area of the painting was confusing. Doing the underpainting first, however, did help me to spot and solve most of the design problems before getting to the color stage.